Revised Cess & Penalty Approved under BBMP’s New Bye-law on Solid Waste Management

Bengaluru: For improving solid waste management in the City, the Bruhat Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike has come up with a new Solid Waste Management (BBMP-SWM) Bye-laws, 2019. It was officially notified in the state gazette on September 29.

Under these Bye-Laws, the BBMP has fixed fines and penalties for the residents caught spitting, urinating, littering in public spaces and failing to segregate waste at sources etc. The fine amount varies from Rs 500 to Rs 10,000, depending on the nature of violations.

The BBMP has deployed marshals (retired army officers) across all the 198 wards to impose penalties on the SWM offenders. 

As per the Bye-law, all Waste Generators within the jurisdiction of BBMP should mandatorily pay SWM Cess for providing services for collection, transportation, processing and disposal of Solid Waste by BBMP.  Here’s the list:

Type of Waste Generator
(excluding bulk generators)
SWS Cess (per month)
Residential Buildings:
a. Plinth area upto 1,000 sq ft
b. Plinth area from 1,001 sqft to 3,000 sqft
c. Plint area above 3,000 sqft

Rs 10
Rs 30
Rs 50
Commercial Buildings
a. Plinth area upto 1,000 sq ft
b. Plinth area from 1,001 sqft to 5,000 sqft
c. Plint area above 5,000 sqft

Rs 50
Rs 100
Rs 200
Industrial Buildings
a. Plinth area upto 1,000 sq ft
b. Plinth area from 1,001 sqft to 5,000 sqft
c. Plint area above 5,000 sqft

Rs 100
Rs 200
Rs 300
Hotels, Kalyana Mantapas, Health Care
a. Plinth area upto 10,000 sq ft
b. Plinth area from 10,001 sqft to 50,000 sqft
c. Plint area above 50,000 sqft

Rs 300
Rs 500
Rs 600

Segregation of Solid Waste at source
Every Waste Generator including Bulk Waste Generators are required to segregate Solid Waste at the source of generation into the following categories:-
a. Bio-degradable waste also referred to as Wet Waste
b. Non-biodegradable waste also referred to as Dry Waste
c. Domestic Hazardous Waste, including Sanitary Waste
e. Bulk Garden and Horticulture Waste
f. Electronic and E-Waste

Instructions: The Sanitary Waste such as sanitary napkins, diapers, tampons and similar products should be securely wrapped in pouches provided by the manufacturers or brand owners or in old newspapers and all Sanitary Waste should be stored along with the domestic hazardous waste.

The Dry Waste and Domestic Hazardous Waste along with Sanitary Waste shall be stored separately, without mixing it for handing over or delivery to the BBMP service provider. The Waste Generator shall ensure that Non-Biodegradable Waste such as packets, food containers, boxes, bottles, tetra pack cartons and other disposable items are cleaned and dried so that these items can be effectively recycled.

Collection, Transportation and Disposal of Solid Waste
The BBMP is responsible for collecting waste from the doorsteps of households, shops, small commercial establishments and offices. The Government has also made it mandatory for the BBMP to install GPS in waste collection vehicles and biometric attendance is a must for all waste collectors/workers.

The BBMP will announce their arrival for collection of Solid Waste by blowing a whistle and also play a recorded message through a loudspeaker. In the event the waste generator is not available to handover the solid waste, the solid waste should be stored in a segregated manner at a prominently visible, convenient and accessible place. It should not be left in the open without an enclosure where they are susceptible to attacks by dogs, cows, pigs and other animals. Also, such waste shall not be kept stored in single-use plastic bags and garbage bin liners which are baned.

The Bye-law also states that the BBMP should ensure no inter-mixing of segregated Solid Waste that has been collected from different waste generators during the transportation, transfer and processing of such waste. BBMP shall penalise the waste collector and transporter if such mixing is found to have occurred.

Littering and Public Nuisance
“No person shall throw or deposit any Solid Waste in any public space including any type of water body. Throwing garbage from vehicles on the road or any public space will attract a penalty,” the Gazette notification reads.

The Bye-law also makes a note on who should clean the pet dog’s poor. “It shall be the responsibility of the owner of any pet animal to promptly scoop or clean up any litter created by such pet on the street or any public space and take adequate steps for the proper disposal of such waste as Biodegradable Waste.”

Littering, spitting, urinating, open defecating or
committing any other acts of public nuisance
Rs 500
Failure to segregate and/or handover Solid Waste
according to the Bye-Laws
Rs 500
Failure to store or deliver Construction and DemolitionWaste in a segregated manner or dumping of
construction and demolition waste
Rs 5,000 / tonne
Disposal of Solid Waste by burning, dumping and/or unauthorised burial of any wasteRs 5,000
Issuance of false self-declaration under the Bye-laws to avoid being classified as a Bulk Waste
Rs 10,000

Photo Copyright: Sowmya Reddy