Bengaluru: The draft Comprehensive Mobility Plan for Bengaluru, prepared by Directorate of Urban Land Transport and the Bangalore Metro Rail Corporation Ltd (BMRCL), has drawn up Rs 2.30 lakh crore mobility plan for the City. The 226-page document has proposed 315-km Metro network, full-fledged suburban system, elevated corridors etc..
As per the draft report, the government plans to implement the proposals by 2035. “The CMP shall be implemented in phases. The phasing of projects has been carried out on the basis of the city needs and readiness of the city for implementing the proposed projects,” the report, uploaded for public feedback, states.
The phases are defined as follows:
Funding of Projects
The draft CMP has broadly proposed six ways to raise funds for implementing Rs 2.30 lakh crore plan. That includes:
Budgetary allocation: Fiscal Resources from Government of Karnataka and Government of India.
Additional Resource Mobilization (ARM) from Land Value Capture, Parking Fee, Congestion Fee, Revenues from advertisement on public transport infrastructure, Public-Private Partnership with Corporate for metro station naming rights and direct access, TOD at metro stations and depots and Roof-top solar power plants at metro stations and depots.
Levy of cess and surcharge under Section 18A of Karnataka Town and Country Planning (KTCP) Act, 1961: Such levy to be imposed while granting permission for development of land and buildings should be used for augmenting water supply and sewer systems, construction of PRR and widening of arterial roads, establishing mass rapid transit systems and improving slums.
Bengaluru Infrastructure Fund: The proceeds of levy under section 18-A of KTCP Act, and select ARM’s like land value capture through premium FAR, congestion fee, mobility related cess on state taxes should be manged through Bengaluru Infrastructure Fund to be maintained in Public Account of the State Government and managed by BMMA.
Public Private Partnership (PPP): Projects like development of bus terminals, logistic hubs, truck terminals, parking infrastructure, and select metro rail projects, either as a whole or on unbundled asset class basis, etc. can be implemented through PPP.
Transferable Development Rights (TDR): TDR scheme should be the primary mode for funding the lands required for widening of the roads. An electronic platform for trading of TDR should be established.
For implementing the projects, the CMP proposes a unified authority, which can stitch together various City-related agencies. “Bengaluru Mobility Management Authority (BMMA) with legislative mandate and served by the existing Directorate of Land Transport (DULT) has been suggested as unified transport authority for regulation of the developments, operations, maintenance, monitoring, supervision and provision of urban transport with Bengaluru mobility area,” the CMP states.